Civil Engineering

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Civil engineers are involved in developing, enhancing, and protecting the man-made environment we reside in. They prepare, model, and manage the construction and maintenance of building structures and facilities such as highways, railways, airports, bridges, harbors, reservoirs, drainage works, power plants, and water and sewerage networks. They construct buildings and structures that can survive various climatic conditions. There are generally two types of civil engineering jobs: consulting engineers and contracting engineers. Consultants are involved in project management work and work primarily in an office. Civil engineering consultancy hours are usually regular office hours, with some extra hours or weekend work near to contract deadlines. The work of a contractor includes more outdoor work than consultants.

Job Salary and Outlook

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) the average annual salary for civil engineers as of May 2018 was $86,640 or $41.65 per hour. BLS forecasts job growth, with 20,500 new jobs anticipated for engineers in the period 2018–28. In terms of the percentage change, there will be a 6% change during the period, which is One point higher than the average for all occupations.  

Job Responsibilities

A civil engineer may perform the following duties:

  • Assess survey reports, maps, drawings, sketches, aerial photographs, and other geological and topographical data for project planning.
  • Devise methods to prepare or model transport or hydraulic systems or frameworks, meeting construction and policy guidelines.
  • Guide or engage in the survey to create infrastructure and to develop reference points, standardized test scores, and elevations to guide construction.
  • Assess the viability of the plan, calculate the quantity and price of the supplies, machinery, and labor.
  • Prepare and provide public reports such as bid proposals, acts, declarations of environmental impact, and descriptions of property and right-of-way.
  • Evaluate design specifications, measure the load and grade conditions, water flow levels, and material stress factors.
  • Inspect project sites to monitor progress and comply with design specifications and safety or sanitation standards.
  • Develop construction site guide and remain involved in operations and maintenance processes.
  • Check soils and components for the adequacy and durability of structures such as cement, asphalt, and metal.
  • Provide technical advice to manufacturing and administrative workers on development, installation, and system changes and structural improvements.
  • Perform traffic pattern and environmental studies to detect engineering problems and determine the potential impact of initiatives.


Job Specializations

The specialization for a civil engineering job are as follow:

Managing Construction

Civil engineers manage a construction project from beginning to end, overseeing all the multiple professionals involved, including designers, developers, electricians, plumbers, and financiers. Much of construction management includes mitigating risk by concentrating on safety and complying with regional, state, and federal building codes.

Geotechnical Engineer

The critical concerns of the geotechnical engineering discipline are the strength of the soil and rock on which a project is constructed as well as its chemical composition. For instance, softer ground requires different construction methods than hard ground or rock, and geotechnical engineers can prevent foundations from crumbling or damaging erosion from runoff patterns on the land of a construction project.

Environmental Engineer

Their practice is primarily focused on creating initiatives that benefit and strengthen the world they work in. In recent years, many advances in sustainability have been made, including, among other methods, the use of alternative energy sources such as solar, wind or water, better insulation to reduce energy use, and plumbing equipment that uses less water. Environmental engineers can also transform buildings so that they are more sustainable ways.

Transportation Engineer

Transportation engineers build, among other things, structures such as trains, subways, roads and bridges that people use when commuting to work, home or on vacation. Security and efficiency are vital concerns for transportation engineers— the identify transportation systems that are not secure or that are unable to satisfy the transportation needs of those expected to use them.

Structural Engineer

Structural engineers must ensure that buildings or other structures can support both their weight and the weight of those who use them. By calculating the load likely to be encountered by a structure, these civil engineers help to identify which construction materials are being used and how the structure's skeleton is being manufactured.

Water Resource Engineer

In both emerging and developed countries, there is a need for water resources engineers to build the infrastructure that delivers clean water to those who rely solely on it for their sustainability.


Job Requirements

To get a civil engineering job, you will need at least a bachelor’s level civil engineering degree accredited by the Institute of Civil Engineering. Then you are expected to work with the ICE and obtain two internationally recognized credentials: You may get an incorporated engineer (IEng) rank if you've done a BEng, and you can acquire a chartered engineer (CEng) status if you have completed an MEng or a BEng plus a masters.

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